Biotechnology engineering is
the study, research and development of bio-organism, micro-organism and cell
functions in living beings. The course combines engineering with other subjects
like chemistry, genetics, bio-chemistry and microbiology. Biotechnology covers
different fields of work like agriculture, disease research, eco-conservation,
fertilizers, vaccines, energy production and animal husbandry. The programme
focuses on areas like Enzymology, GM products and drug designing among others.
The integrated undergraduate and postgraduate programme in biotechnology
engineering is offered in many technical institutes across the world.
Biotechnology means any technological application that uses
biological systems or living organisms to make or modify products or processes
for specific use. It refers to the use of microorganisms such as bacteria,
yeasts, or biological substances such as enzymes, to perform specific
industrial or manufacturing processes. Applications include production of
certain drugs, synthetic hormones, and bulk foodstuffs as well as bioconversion
of organic waste. Bio- Technology is concerned with variety of subjects
including Biochemistry, Genetics, Microbiology, Chemistry and Engineering.
Biotechnology has wide areas of application in Agriculture, Animal Husbandry,
development of Medicines and Vaccine, treatment of prolonged disease, pollution
control and waste management and ecological conservation, energy production and
conservation and many more.
SCOPE OF BIOTECHNOLOGY ENGINEERING
What does a Bio Tech Engineer do?
- Bio-Tech Engineers involve in
medical processes such as getting organisms to produce new drugs, or using stem
cells to regenerate damaged human tissues and re-grow entire organs.
- Biotechnologist involves
industrial processes such as the production of new chemicals or the development
of new preservative that can be used for food storage.
- Bio- Tech Engineers deal with
medical devices, instruments used in hospitals & medical labs.
- Bio Tech Engineers also deal
with bioinformatics which involves the use applied mathematics, informatics,
statistics, computer science, artificial intelligence, chemistry, and
- Biotechnology experts develop a
hybrid plants and involves such processes as the development of pest-resistant
grains or the accelerated evolution of disease-resistant animals.
Like the IT sector,
Biotechnology in India is also throwing up tremendous scope for growth and is
contributing to the total biotech market worth US$100 billion. The country has
a global market worth US$91 billion and there is scope for cheap R&D
through bio-partnering and co-developing technologies mainly with Chinese and
American companies. More and more global pharmacy companies are seeking India
to set their research and development centres here.
A biotechnologist may find jobs in various quarters. In India, students can
mainly explore job options in the following fields:
- Drug and pharmaceutical
- Public funded laboratories
- Chemicals Environment control
- Waste management
- Food processing industriesBio-processing industries