Biotechnology means any technological application that uses biological systems or living organisms to make or modify products or processes for specific use. It refers to the use of microorganisms such as bacteria, yeasts, or biological substances such as enzymes, to perform specific industrial or manufacturing processes. Applications include the production of certain drugs, synthetic hormones, and bulk foodstuffs as well as bioconversion of organic waste. Bio-Technology is concerned with a variety of subjects including Biochemistry, Genetics, Microbiology, Chemistry and Engineering. Biotechnology has wide areas of application in Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, development of Medicines and Vaccines, treatment of prolonged disease, pollution control and waste management and ecological conservation, energy production and conservation and many more.
SCOPE OF BIOTECHNOLOGY ENGINEERING
What does a Bio-Tech Engineer do?
Like the IT sector, Biotechnology in India is also throwing up tremendous scope for growth and is contributing to the total biotech market worth US$100 billion. The country has a global market worth US$91 billion and there is scope for cheap R&D through bio-partnering and co-developing technologies mainly with Chinese and American companies. More and more global pharmaceutical companies are seeking India to set their research and development centres here.
A biotechnologist may find jobs in various quarters. In India, students can mainly explore job options in the following fields:
- Bio-processing industries